Tooth decay is a common dental disease that is related to diet and leads to the loss of minerals from adult and baby teeth. In the earlier stages, it can appear as a white or dark spot on the tooth. As more minerals are lost, a cavity may appear.
How caries occurs
Many bacteria live in your mouth and on your teeth in dental plaque. These bacteria use the sugars in the food you eat as the energy they need to live. Bacteria in your mouth create acid as waste, and this acid dissolves the crystals in your teeth and causes mineral loss. This leads to caries.
Brush your teeth with fluoride toothpaste
If you are wondering when and how often you should brush your teeth, the answer is – at least twice a day with fluoride toothpaste. Brush for at least two minutes each time you brush. Brushing your teeth helps to remove food and plaque.
Floss your teeth once a day
Although brushing your teeth twice a day is essential, it is not enough. It is essential that you floss your teeth every day because flossing helps you reach places that your toothbrush cannot.
Rinse your mouth with fluoridated water
After brushing and flossing your teeth, be sure to rinse them with fluoride mouthwash. Daily use of water helps reduce bacteria in the mouth. Regular use of fluoride mouthwash helps prevent periodontal disease.
Visit your dentist regularly
Going to the dentist every six months helps catch cavities early before they become too serious. During the visit, you will receive a thorough teeth cleaning. This will help you remove built-up stains and plaque between the teeth and under the gums.
Drink lots of water
Water helps our bodies work efficiently and effectively. And it helps keep our mouths clean and healthy by washing away food particles left in our mouths. Water is the best drink for your teeth.
Eat crunchy fruits and vegetables
Not only do fruits and vegetables help supply essential vitamins and minerals, but they also help fill you up without consuming excess calories. Eating fruits like apples and pears or vegetables like celery and broccoli exercise the mouth and help remove plaque and bacteria.
Avoid frequent snacking and sugary drinks
The challenge for our mouths arises when we snack during the day with meals. Every time we put something in our mouth, we risk leaving behind more food particles. Most medical professionals feel that six small meals a day are best, but three well-portioned meals throughout the day will do. Therefore, for the health of your teeth, avoid unhealthy drinks and snacks.
Healthy Oral Habits to Teach Your Children – check some advices HERE.